Tuesday, August 30, 2016

Glaxo­SmithKline Doing Well by Doing Good

Glaxo­SmithKline (GSK) is at the top of Fortune's 2016 Change the World list. They are being recognized for their exemplary corporate citizenship. In an age of rampant profiteering in the pharmaceutical industry, Glaxo­SmithKline (GSK) has stood out by making it their business to give back.

The practices of GSK stand in stark contrast to other recent pharmaceutical news. Martin Shkreli bought the rights to a life saving HIV drug called Daraprim,then he hiked up the price by 5,000 percent. CEO of Mylan Pharmaceuticals Heather Bresch raised the price of an EpiPen pack to more than $600.

Monday, August 29, 2016

Hampshire College Going 100% Solar Saving Money and Reducing Emissions

Hampshire college will be the first solar powered residential school in the US. This rural college located in Amherst Massachusetts is in the process of installing 15,000 solar panels on 19 acres of its 840-acre campus. When the installation is completed at the end of this year it will be the largest school based solar array in New England and one of the largest in the Eastern US.

These arrays will generate enough energy to power about 500 American homes. When the college achieves its goal of producing all of its electricity from solar it will generate a carbon savings equivalent to taking 650 cars off the road.

Solar is Now the Cheapest Form of Electricity on Earth

Fossil fuels have been definitively ousted as the world's cheapest source of electricy with solar energy prices falling to an all time low. Solar is now the least expensive way of generating electricity costing half of the price of coal, the cheapest form of fossil fuel energy.

In May 2016 there was  a record solar price bid of $29.90 per megawatt hour (MWh) in Dubai or 2.99 cents per kilowatt hour (KWh). This August solar prices fell by 80 cents a MWh with a bid bid from Spanish developer Solarpack Corp. Tecnologica of $29.10 in Chile. This means that electricity costs are 2.90 per KWh. As explained in Think Progress, the average residential price for electricity in the US is 12 cents per kilowatt-hour.

Sunday, August 28, 2016

Event - AltCar Expo and Conference

AltCar Expo and Conference will be held at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium East Wing, 1855 Main St., Santa Monica, CA, Friday September 16 and Saturday September 17, from 10 a.m. - 5 p.m. AltCar’s Government Fleet & Industry Conference that runs concurrent with Expo

The goal of AltCar is to provide a very accessible and comprehensive setting where both industry and general public can discover existing alternatives to the way they use energy and transportation and motivate everyone to take further action. California leads the nation in alternative vehicles, incentives and fueling stations, with many states now following the state’s example and implementing programs similar to those in California.

Event - National Drive Electric Week 2016

National Drive Electric Week started in 2011 as National Plug In Day, it takes place during the week of September 10 - 18, 2016. Celebrations for this event will take place across the US, Canada and elsewhere. National Drive Electric Week is presented by Plug In America Sierra Club Electric Auto Association Nissan LEAF® is the exclusive automotive sponsor of National Drive Electric Week.

This nationwide celebration to heighten awareness of today's widespread availability of plug-in vehicles and highlight the benefits of all-electric and plug-in hybrid-electric cars, trucks, motorcycles, and more. They are fun to drive, are less expensive and more convenient to fuel than gasoline vehicles, are better for the environment, promote local jobs, and reduce our dependence on foreign oil. Are you considering going electric? Come talk to owners who have successfully done so.

Saturday, August 27, 2016

It is Time for All of Us to Act on Climate Change (Videos)

Environmental degradation, the climate crisis and social injustice are present day realities that call all people and businesses to act. To illustrate the urgency of the situation consider climate change. Scientists tell us the the upper threshold warming limit agreed upon at COP21 in Paris last year is 1.5 degrees Celsius above preindustrial norms. We are already 1.3 degrees above so the situation is dire, but not impossible. We cannot wait for the holdouts to come to an epiphany. We must demand that our elected officials make science based policy decisions.

Friday, August 26, 2016

MA in Global Sustainability at The University of South Florida

The University of South Florida's sustainability focused academics prepares students to lead sustainable change and meet the growing needs of private and public sectors around the world.

The Master of Arts (MA) in Global Sustainability is designed to prepare students to address complex regional, national, and global challenges related to sustainability and the ability to innovate in diverse cultural, geographic, and demographic contexts.

Repeated Spills Show the Soulless Self Interest of Fossil Fuel Companies

A number of fossil fuel companies are guilty of repeated spills. This includes companies like PetroPeru, Shell, and Duke Energy. Whether crude oil or coal ash, these leaks are a regular occurrence. It is safe to say that these companies and many like them are guilty of chronic spill recidivism. Sadly, repeated spills are the norm not the exception.

They remain undeterred even in the face of  massive fines. Last October BP was forced to payout more than $20 billion in a settlement agreement for the massive oil leak caused by the deadly explosion of the Deepwater Horizon. The cost of this one spill is approaching $62 billion. A bit more than a month ago BP agreed to settle a lawsuit and pay investors $175 million because of the companies failure to disclose business risks.

Thursday, August 25, 2016

Sustainable Educational Solutions from Sustainia

Here are some of the best ideas in sustainable education from the last couple of years. These ideas are curated by Sustania in its annual guide to innovative sustainability solutions. The guide known as Sustania100 identifies readily available projects, initiatives and technologies at the forefront of sustainable innovation. This is a powerful solutions based resource for investors, business leaders, policy makers and consumers insights. These vetted projects and technologies span from Western innovation hubs to emerging economies.

In 2016 Sustania100 celebrates its fifth year. This years version of the Sustania100 is subtitled ‘Systemic Opportunity’  Sustainia100 has tracked more than 4,500 solutions to date from all over the world. This year’s edition features solutions deployed in 188 countries, and more than half come from small and mid-sized enterprises. Showcasing everything from health solutions that tackle climate change, to renewable energy products that alleviate gender inequality. Below you will find Sustania's best ideas for education in 2016 and 2015

Oil Industry Ignores Coastal Restoration Efforts Despite Being Battered by Louisiana Flooding

The fossil fuel industry is the primary cause of climate change contributing to flooding and sea level rise yet they fight calls to scale back production and they ignore pleas to fund mitigation efforts. The recent floods in Louisiana killed 13 people, destroyed 60,000 homes and prompted more than 100,000 people to seek assistance from FEMA.  Although it offers no comfort to the thousands left homeless, flooding and erosion are also battering the fossil fuel industry in the confederate state.

The floods in Louisiana have been linked to climate change.  As reported in a Guardian article storms like the one that ravaged the state in August will worsen as the planet warms. Already the multitude of once in 500 year storms are changing the record books and lending credence to climate models. As reported by Wired the latest Louisiana storm is the eighth time in the last year that the US has experienced once in 500-year rainfalls. Climate models predict that such storms will happen again and with greater frequency.

Wednesday, August 24, 2016

The Top 50 Greenest Universities in America (Sierra Magazine)

Each year Sierra Magazine ranks schools in terms of the following categories: Energy, investments, food, innovation, academics, planning, purchasing, transport, waste, and water.

Formally known as the "Cool Schools" ranking, this is one of the most widely read measurements of colleges' and universities' environmental standards. To compile these lists Sierra Magazine collaborates with the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education (AASHE) to collect raw data. Institutions can report data using the STARS 2.0 Reporting Tool, available on AASHE's website.

Here are Sierra's top fifty universities for 2015:

Green Party a Threat to Climate Action in the 2016 Presidential Elections

Jill Stein's Green Party could split the vote and put climate action at risk. The two third parties in the 2016 US presidential elections are the Greens and the Libertarians. Conventional wisdom suggests that support for the greens will hurt Hilary and other Democrats while support for the Libertarians will harm Trump and other Republicans.

This is a crucial election as we are rapidly running out of time to deal with the climate crisis. A Trump presidency would be a disaster for the economy and the environment. Under Trump we would see less environmental regulations, more fossil fuels and an end to the Paris Climate Agreement. Simply put his policies would push us past irreversible tipping points from which we may not be able to recover.

Tuesday, August 23, 2016

Top 50 Green Colleges (Princeton Review 2015)

Each year The Princeton Review publishes the world's most prestigious ranking of green colleges in the US. As explained on their website, these colleges sustainable practices include everything from solar-powered dorms to organic campus farms and clean energy career prep. Here is the list of the top 50 Green colleges leading the 353 schools in the 2015 Princeton Review Guide:

Get Ready for Supply Chain Sustainability Guidance and Standards

Sustainability is a large and expanding trend and procurement has been a major part of this trend. Efforts to adopt more sustainable supply chains have been around for years. We now have ample information to confidently make the claim that businesses practicing sustainability are leading the way forward. Procurement and supply chains are key components of sustainability.

However, a lack of standardization and guidance have made this transition difficult for some. That is rapidly changing as we have seen more guidance and now forthcoming standardization.

Monday, August 22, 2016

Space to Grow Wins the Green School Award for Collaboration

For their efforts to transform the urban schoolyard, Space to Grow, is the winner of the 2016 Best of Green Schools Awards in the Collaboration category.

Space to Grow transforms Chicago schoolyards into green spaces that provide students and their families and neighbors with a place to play, learn, garden and enjoy being outside. These schoolyards also help reduce flooding in the neighborhood through unique materials and designs that capture hundreds of thousands of gallons of rainwater and melting snow at each school.

Sunday, August 21, 2016

Event - Green Apple Day of Service (Video)

Green Apple Day of Service will take place on Saturday, September 24, 2016. This event gives parents, teachers, students, companies and local organizations the opportunity to transform all schools into healthy, safe and productive learning environments through local service events. Since 2012, more than 750,000 volunteers in 73 countries have had an impact on the learning environments of 7 million students and teachers around the world. This year’s Green Apple Day of Service will take place on Saturday, September 24, 2016. Be sure to check out event ideas, pick up helpful event resources, and register your event.

Saturday, August 20, 2016

The Best of the 2016 Green Schools Honorees (Video)

At the top of their class: Shining a light on 2016 Best of Green Schools honorees Published on 1 Apr 2016 Written by Amanda Sawit Posted in Center for Green Schools

The Best of Green Schools awards were announced yesterday at the opening plenary of the Green Schools Conference and Expo in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, a culmination of thoughtful planning, investment, collaboration and development efforts on the part of thousands of leaders, students and volunteers in the green schools movement.

Friday, August 19, 2016

Green Business Award Winners in 2016 (Guardian and Environmental Leader)

Here is a summary of sustainable businesses, projects and individuals that are leading the way forward. As we teeter on the brink of tipping points, sustainability leadership is more important than ever. Awards that recognize the best companies, projects and individuals lead by example and serve as valuable models. In addition to well deserved recognition these efforts put sustainability on display, showcasing achievements that other businesses can follow. Here is a summary of green awards that have been handed out to businesses and individuals in the first half of 2016. This list includes Guardian's Sustainable Business Awards as well as Environmental Leaders Product and Project of the year awards.

Thursday, August 18, 2016

Green Schools Honorees 2016 (USGBC and the GSNN)

Earlier this year the Center for Green Schools at USGBC in collaboration with the Green Schools National Network (GSNN) announced the list of honeybees for their environmental efforts in schools across the United States.

The 2016 Best of Green School awards recognize 11 individuals, institutions, projects and events representing the best environmental efforts in schools across the country and highlight the national leaders and innovators in school sustainability for the year. The awards were announced at the Green Schools Conference and Expo taking place in Pittsburgh this week.

“This year’s honorees are making huge strides in their schools and communities,” said Rachel Gutter, director of the Center for Green Schools at USGBC. “Each recipient is an inspiring example of innovation and passion in pursuit of schools that educate a generation of sustainability natives, students prepared to take the

The Vote Rigging Fallacy

There is no evidence to support the conspiracy theory of a rigged electoral system. As explained by the Washington Post there is no way that presidential elections are fixed, "It's simply not feasible."

However, it is not just the objective reality that matters. The perception that elections are free and fair is crucial. both to encourage people to participate in the democratic process and to lend legitimacy to those that win.

These conspiratorial narratives have dire consequences, it does not matter that they are not true.  Casting aspersions on the legitimacy of electoral outcomes is a grave threat to the national interest. As explained by longtime Trump ally Roger Stone, the perception of vote rigging would result in "a constitutional crisis, widespread civil disobedience, and the government will no longer be the government."

Wednesday, August 17, 2016

Bullfrog Power Contest Geting Kids Talking about Energy

Teaching kids about energy is important. Finding ways

Win $500—just get your kids talking about energy!

Bullfrog Power is launching a video contest to get kids all across Canada talking about energy and ways to save it! Join in the fun with your family—and you could win a $500 gift card for all your back to school needs!

It’s as easy as ABC:

Start by asking your kids one of these three questions: 1) Where does electricity come from? 2) What’s one way to save energy? 3) What is renewable energy?  Get their answer on video! It doesn’t need to be long – 15 seconds is plenty. Post your video to Facebook – and (this one’s important!) be sure to tag Bullfrog Power in the caption.

In the Face of Record Setting Heat & Rain the GOP Doubles Down on Fossil Fuels

Republicans ignore unprecedented heat and record breaking precipitation while boldly revealing policy platforms that will exacerbate the situation. The GOP's love of fossil fuels and disdain for climate action is equaled only by their hatred for science.

Climate change is driving a succession of increasingly severe extreme weather events. Warmer seas are causing more precipitation. In the span of six months two once in 500 year storms have devastated Louisiana. Similar catastrophic flooding has gripped many pats of the world including China, India, Macedonia,Pakistan and Sudan.

Tuesday, August 16, 2016

Comprehensive Green School Information and Resources 2010 - 2015

In 2016 The Green Market Oracle is reprising its annual Green School Series. Over the course of the last six years The Green Market Oracle has published more than 325 articles related to environmentally oriented academics, sustainable infrastructure and green initiatives in pedagogical settings. In the coming weeks we will post articles on a daily basis related to the green schools movement which is central to efforts that contribute to the growth of a well informed population, an environmentally sustainable economy and ultimately a healthier planet. The focus on green schools is a key part of the Green Market Oracle's mission to help facilitate the convergence of sustainable capitalism and the global environment.

Exposing the Fantasy of Trump's Policy Positions on Energy and the Economy

Donald Trump has laid out his vision for both energy and economics and independent assessments of his policy positions suggest that he is either profoundly ignorant or a bold faced liar.

His energy policy seeks to expand dirty energy and while that would benefit the fossil fuel industry it would condemn the planet to a climate apocalypse. In a policy speech to the Detroit Economic Club, on Monday, Aug. 8, 2016, Trump said that his presidency would deliver "a complete rethinking of our energy policy." This translates to unmitigated expansion of domestic fossil fuel extraction. If the US were to ramp up its production of oil, gas, and coal it would bring an end to decades of efforts that has culminated in the signing of a global agreement to combat climate change at COP21 in Paris last year.

Monday, August 15, 2016

Green Market Oracle's Annual Green School Series Review of Posts in 2015

In 2015 the Green Market Oracle (GMO) published 26 articles as part of an annual series on green schools published each year. These articles include a review of green educational opportunities at universities and colleges, different types of related accreditation (degrees, programs, and certificates) early education, student led fossil fuel divestment initiatives, water stewardship efforts and resources, energy and infrastructure in green schools, rankings of the most sustainable colleges and universities and resource tools.

Louisiana Flooding Climate Change and the Politics of Ignorance

Global warming is fueling Louisiana's record setting floods but people in the state continue to vote for presidential candidates who contribute to the problem and eschew climate action. representation for climate action. Although it is being called a once in 500 hundred year rainfall, it is becoming evident a pattern of increased precipitation points directly to climate change. Higher levels of precipitation have also been observed elsewhere. For example both Europe and Australia also experienced anomalous rainfalls for the month of june. While it is commonly said that these rains are way above average, these dramatic downpours are making a mockery of our historical statistical averages.

Sunday, August 14, 2016

Event - Corporate Social Responsibility Training Classes

Here are upcoming corporate social responsibility (CSR) training courses will take place in various locations from August 22 - October 5, 2016. These courses will be held across the United States (San Francisco, New York, Chicago), as well as in Dubai, Singapore and Hong Kong.

One2All provides executive, specialist and short courses in CSR taught by industry professionals from a wide variety of backgrounds in the field. Their concentration is in accountability and sustainability with specialist courses developing in areas such as social auditing, accounting and reporting. These courses can be tailored to meet the unique needs of individual companies and participants. They offer public courses worldwide on a rolling schedule, and we arrange private bespoke trainings for organizations upon request with choice of content, locations and dates.

Event - International Conference on Corporate Sustainability and Responsibility in an Age of Digitization

The 7th International Conference on Corporate Sustainability and Responsibility - CSR in an Age of Digitization - will take place on September 14-16, 2016 at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. The conference will explore how digitization will change the way how companies do business, involve their stakeholders, and contribute to societies' wellbeing.

Saturday, August 13, 2016

Why Companies Need to Work with Millennials for Social and Environmental Change (Videos)

Millennials may be the saving grace of a world that appears to be slow responding to the social and environmental challenges we face. August 12 was International Youth Day and to commemorate the occasion here is a post that looks at the role of business in helping young people and millennials in particular, to be advocates of change.

Young people have the greatest stake in the future of our planet and they are showing that they are interested in engaging in the difficult work of transforming our world for the better.

The United Nations General Assembly endorsed International Youth Day in December 1999. The theme of International Youth Day in 2016 is, "The Road to 2030: Eradicating Poverty and Achieving Sustainable Consumption and Production." As explained on the UN:

Friday, August 12, 2016

Republicans Opposing Trump Say he is Dangerously Unqualified to be President

An unprecedented number of Republican insiders have indicated that they cannot bring themselves to support Donald Trump even if he is their party's Presidential nominee. Some have said they will vote for Hilary Clinton, others have opted to leave the GOP altogether.  Republicans who refuse to endorse Trump include past presidents, governors, senators, representatives, experts and aides.

The reasons for the exodus should be obvious to all. Trump regularly incites political violence and is a serial liar, rampant xenophobe, racist, misogynist and birther who has repeatedly pledged to ban all Muslims.

Make no mistake about it the GOP is not a victim of Trump, they created this monster through their own failed strategies. Trump was conceived through their pandering to the basest aspects of the American electorate. They are responsible for the outrage at government due to their legislative obstructionism.

Republicans had been flirting with racism for a long time. The election of Barack Obama appears to have sent older white Americans over the edge. They see their power being diluted by people of color and progressive ideologies. Rather than assuage their insecurities, and usher them into the modern world, Trump stokes the fires of fear.

Thursday, August 11, 2016

Glory Eclipsed by Shame at the Rio Summer Games: A Social and Environmental Review of Brazil

As host of the XXXI Olympiad Brazil is being put under a microscope, revealing a contrasting patchwork of accomplishments and failures. From the lead-up to the games to the present, there has been an ongoing barrage of seemingly unceasing Olympic scandals. These improprieties include widespread corruption. Most recently the head of the Kenyan track and field team was caught on video seeking a fee in exchange for letting athletes know when they can expect their drug tests.  This is one small facet of an Olympic games where glorious achievements have been overshadowed by deplorable social and environmental conditions in the host country.  

Below you will find a comprehensive review of the glory and the shame of the Rio Summer games.

Wednesday, August 10, 2016

Major Floods Highlight Climate Impacts

A spate of recent deadly flooding is focusing attention on climate threats. Climate models predict more floods associated with global warming.

As reported by the Weather Network,

"As the earth's climate changes, fatal floods seem to have become an increasingly prevalent threat."

According to a report from the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction floods accounted for 30 percent of the world's top ten deadliest natural disasters in 2015. The economic cost are also substantial. Floods are the most expensive natural disasters in the US. Since 2005, The US insurance industry has paid out an average of $3.5 billion each year for flood claims.

Tuesday, August 9, 2016

The Zika Pandemic: Mosquitoes and Climate Change

Climate change is a destructive force that is behind a host of civilization disrupting phenomenon and we can add the Zika virus and other mosquito born diseases to the list. The director of the WHO warned that Zika is "spreading explosively." Hot and humid weather associated with climate change is expanding the range of mosquitoes and the length of mosquito season. We have already established a link between climate change and diseases like malaria and Lyme Disease. Zika is also expected to increase in a world plagued by climate change. The Aedes aegypti is the type of mosquito that is the primary cause of Zika transmission, they thrive in temperatures above 50°F or at humidity levels above 42 percent. It is also believed that A. albopictus mosquitoes are also able to transmit Zika.

Sunday, August 7, 2016

AASHE Conference & Expo 2016

This event will take place on October 9-12, 2016 in Baltimore. More than 400 sessions, workshops and events to choose from. AASHE's educational program covers the higher education sustainability community's most relevant and timely topics - providing leadership and change agency needed to institutionalize sustainability in higher education. In each session, top thought leaders offer insights that will inspire, motivate, energize and empower campus leaders to advance sustainability in higher education and beyond. Attendees can also exhibitors with innovative products & services in support of your sustainability goals. This conference includes the sustainable Campus Competition which offers sustainability professionals at higher education institutions a chance to win $50,000.

Event - Sustainable Supply Chain Summit Europe

The 11th Annual Ethical Corporation Sustainable Supply Chain Summit Europe will take place on October 20 - 21, 2016 at Grange Tower Bridge in London UK. Industry-wide supplier collaboration for long term sustainable solutions. At this summit attendees can learn how to drive supplier collaboration and create a bigger positive impact for stakeholders. This is Europe's premier meeting place for supply chain, sustainability and procurement professionals - 150 attendees to learn how to drive collaboration and go deeper in their supply chain.

This year's summit is bringing the best, the most innovative and inspiring brands in supply chain excellence with 3 main themes on driving supplier collaboration, working with procurement and managing risk beyond 1st tier.

Saturday, August 6, 2016

Sustainability Comparisons Between Rio 2016, the Sochi Winter Olympics and the Brazilian World Cup in 2014

The Rio Summer Olympics do not compare favorably to the Sochi Winter Olympics and the Brazilian World Cup in 2014. This is a damning indictment given that Russia's Sochi games were colossally corrupt. Sochi clearly illustrated that Putin's promise of green games was little more than a farce and an Olympic sized example of greenwashing.

There have been protests against the Rio games across Brazil but they are much smaller than the protests against the World Cup in 2014. At that time there was a popular outcry against an expensive sporting event while the country struggled with widespread poverty and inequality. The same criticisms are warranted in the case of the Rio games.

Friday, August 5, 2016

Sustainability at the Rio Olympics: More Green Promises More Green Lies

Olympic games are becoming increasingly environmentally sustainable, at least on paper. Once again this year's Olympic games are touted as being the greenest games ever. In fairness, making such a massive event environmentally sustainable is a truly herculean undertaking.

Over the last twenty years there have been a number of efforts designed to make the games more green. In 1996, the Olympic Charter was amended to recognize the environment as the third pillar of Olympism. This was followed by clearly defined policies associated in the IOC's Olympic Movement's Agenda 21.

Wednesday, August 3, 2016

Brazil's Corruption, Socioeconomic Woes and Political Intrigue Overshadow the Olympics

The scourge of corruption has embroiled Brazil in a morass of complex political intrigue. Brazil's economy has contracted by 3 percent this year and although the country is in a deep recession, it is still the world's fifth largest economy. Brazil's difficulties extend far beyond serious fiscal hardships, the nation is also rife with sexism, racism and human rights abuses.

In May of this year Brazil's President was suspended after holding office for less than six years. Despite pulling millions of people out of poverty, a majority of Brazilian senators voted to launch an impeachment trial against President Dilma Rousseff. She is the country's first female President and her government swore in 15 female ministers. Rousseff is a 68-year-old economist and she was removed amid allegations that she broke budget rules and manipulated economic data.

Tuesday, August 2, 2016

Decreasing the Cost of Being Cool: Saving Money Energy and the Climate

Air conditioners consume vast amounts of electricity and the warmer the world gets the more energy will be required to keep cool. Energy use is directly related to both costs and emissions that cause climate change. While heating and transportation are commonly acknowledged for their power demands, air conditioning (AC)is another important piece of of responsible energy management.

The data is clear, the world is getting hotter. In a growing number of places staying cool is not only a matter of comfort it is increasingly a matter of survival. As the heat associated with climate change intensifies life will become impossible without some form of cooling. In places like the Persian Gulf temperatures have already exceeded 160 Fahrenheit.

Monday, August 1, 2016

Climate Action and the Binary Choice between Hilary Clinton and Donald Trump

When it comes to climate and the environment, the DNC made it abundantly clear that the Democratic ticket is a far better choice than the Republican alternative. Despite what some are saying the Democrats are the only choice. However, Trump's lies and ignorance are being bolstered by misrepresentations from the left.  At the DNC speakers praised Hilary Clinton's support for climate action and they lauded the most progressive Democratic platform in the party's history. This is in stark contrast to the Republican National Convention, the GOP's platform and Donald Trump's own words.