Tuesday, March 31, 2015
Summary of the Three Major Anthropogenic GHGs
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the single most important greenhouse gas emitted by human activities especially the burning of fossil fuel and deforestation. CO2 lingers in the atmosphere for hundreds if not thousands of years and so it directly impacts the global mean surface warming. The lingering effects of CO2 and other GHGs mean that most aspects of climate change will persist for centuries even if emissions of CO2 are stopped immediately.
Methane (CH4) is the second most important long-lived greenhouse gas. Approximately 60 percent comes from human activities like cattle breeding, rice agriculture, fossil fuel exploitation, landfills and biomass burning. There are huge stores of methane that may be released from the permafrost as global temperatures increase.
Nitrous oxide (N20) is the third most important long-lived greenhouse gas. Approximately 40 percent of N20 is emitted into the atmosphere from anthropogenic sources including biomass burning, fertilizer use, and various industrial processes. Its impact on climate, over a 100-year period, is 298 times greater than equal emissions of carbon dioxide. It also plays an important role in the destruction of the stratospheric ozone layer which protects us from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun.
Understanding the effects of GHGs is crucial if we are to tackle the catastrophic implications of climate change.
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The Safe Upper Limit of Atmospheric Carbon is 350 PPM
Arctic Monitoring Stations Report High Levels of CO2
Melting Arctic Ice is Releasing Massive Amounts of Methane
Debunking CO2 Myths and The Science of Climate Change
Primer on CO2 and Other GHGs
The Green Economy is the Right Solution for our Troubled Times
Action on Climate Change
The Effects of Global Warming